Brushes toothbrush: description, types, how to use

But a regular brush can not always cope with the bloom and especially the remnants of food in the crevices between the teeth, so to fully care brushes just need. What is a brush for our teeth and how to use it properly?

brush teeth

What is the brush for your teeth?

The appearance of the tooth brush like a simple household brush used to clean bottles, but has a much smaller size. Like dental floss, irrigators, toothpicks, or similar items required to clean the lateral surfaces of incisors, which occupy about 40% of the total surface area.

The tooth brush consists of two parts — is a convenient handle and a functional rod with bristles made of synthetic material (e.g. nylon). The bristles are mounted on a base of wire, which is also covered with a thin plastic layer to prevent the formation of static discharges.

For what dental brushes?

Brushes have a number of advantages over other dental devices: they do not hurt the gums, as it sometimes happens with toothpicks, and the cost is much lower. In the process of operation they gently massage the gums, improve blood circulation and reduce the risk of developing periodontal disease and other diseases of soft tissues. Another plus to their use is that they effectively clean the enamel from stains of coffee, tea or tobacco, as well as remove plaque, causing bad breath.

Especially needed tooth brushes for those who have bridges or braces – of the structure require particularly careful care, toothbrush can not provide.


Brushes for the teeth differ in several parameters:

  • features bristles (material, length, stiffness);
  • the diameter and size of the functional part;
  • the material and shape of the holder.

The main selection criterion fit – anatomical structure of the jaws and the presence of dentures or braces. Special attention should be paid to the length and stiffness of the bristles – too short will not be able to provide an effective cleaning, and too long can injure the gums.

Brushes with short (to 3 mm) bristles and conical shape of the nozzle is convenient for regular cleaning of narrow interdental spaces. A device with bristles of medium length it is recommended that people with dentures, bridges and crowns, and brushes with long bristles and curved nozzles – for those who wear braces or have defects of the bite.

It should also be noted that too rigid bristles can injure the gums and enamel, so people with sensitive teeth or suffer from periodontal disease it is better to choose soft brushes. By a separate category electric brushes – like electric toothbrushes or dental floss, these products perform all manipulations independently, without human intervention.

The size, shape and material of handle is a matter of personal comfort and taste. Someone convenient to use brushes with long handles, some prefer short fixtures or those that resemble toothbrushes. The right choice better to do after a consultation with a dentist or empirically.

How to use dental brushes?

To the use of such devices as effective as possible, you must adhere to rules and recommendations.

  1. When buying it is better to give preference to products of famous brands, ask the seller a certificate of quality. Poor quality brush in the process of operation may lose bristles that are stuck between teeth, causing not only significant discomfort, but also inflammatory processes.
  2. The brush is recommended to be changed every week (maximum time of use for two weeks), even if visually it looks clean and suitable for use.
  3. All hygienic procedures with the device are performed without paste or tooth powder.
  4. Do not clean brush incisors (four upper teeth) and gaps between lower incisors. Also it is impossible to make movements up and down.
  5. The cost range is wide enough, but to buy too cheap products are not recommended – their bristles quickly crumple and deform, causing the quality of cleaning is reduced.
  6. In the first two or three days of use may be a slight bleeding gums, which takes place after the soft tissues adapt to the new fixture. If the bleeding continues for more than three days, you need to stop the treatment and contact your dentist.

If you are using discomfort arises, do not immediately abandon the tool – most often this situation occurs when the wrong selection of the model.

Instructions for use

  1. Brush your teeth with a regular brush with paste or powder, rinse your mouth.
  2. Slightly wet the bristles with water, bring the rod back to the place that should be clean and gently introduce it into the interdental space, while the bristles will not find on the other side. To do this best by holding the device at an angle of 90 degrees to the surface of the teeth. Rod should enter into the interdental space gently and without the use of force – otherwise, you will need to choose a different model.
  3. To perform several smooth movements back and forth, and then make the brush a circular motion for a few seconds.
  4. Gently pull out the brush, rinse it under running water, go to the next hole and repeat the points above.

The total time of the manipulation should be about two minutes, and repeat it is recommended twice a day – morning and evening after meals. While wearing braces procedure is the same way, but the gaps between the teeth should be cleaned of plaque and food debris and even the spaces between the arc structure and the surface of the teeth.

Brushes for cleaning teeth, it is recommended to use in combination with a special liquid, designed for oral care mouth. With proper and regular use they will provide health and beauty of your teeth for a long time.