How frequently and thoroughly good brushing: cleaning methods and tips for choice of means

Teeth cleaning – a very important hygienic procedure. The benefits of good hygiene of teeth and mouth is not just a rule that everyone knows from childhood. Proper teeth brushing is the key to a healthy microflora and a normal metabolism in the oral cavity.

how to brush your teeth

Why you need to brush your teeth

The oral cavity has the ability to cleanse itself (unlike, for example, ears), so her hygiene completely depends on the person. However, for the oral cavity cleanliness is especially important.

First, the minerals that comprise tooth enamel, highly sensitive to acidand every meal increases the acidity level in your mouth. Partially neutralizes the saliva has alkaline properties. However, this is not always enough, especially in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which increases the acidity of the saliva or reduced saliva. In this situation hygiene procedures help to restore an acceptable level of acidity in your mouth.

Secondly, on the teeth periodically formed plaquecomposed of food particles. mixed with dead skin cells of the gums. This plaque is a suitable environment for bacteria. Brushing helps to remove it, thus preventing the infection and inflammation of the teeth and surrounding soft tissues.

Neglecting oral hygiene is threatened primarily by destruction of the enamel due to excessive exposure to the acids and various inflammatory conditions (gingivitis, periodontitis) due to uncontrolled reproduction of bacteria. In the end it leads to destruction of dental crowns tooth decay and the loosening and loss of teeth due to inflammation and weakening of the gums.

Types of means of hygiene of an oral cavity

Means to care for the oral cavity is not limited to the paste and brush. Moreover – brush and paste, too, are different and suitable for different situations.

Modern set of tools for oral hygiene the mouth is wide enough:

  • toothbrush is a useful tool to remove food and plaque. Toothbrushes are hygienic standard, are sold in any store and prevention is special used for diseases of the gums. Separately allocated electric toothbrushes are more expensive but also more effective;
  • toothpaste – now this tool has become almost universal. Toothpastes are also divided into hygienic, designed exclusively for cleansing, and prevention and treatment designed for specific tasks – reduce gum inflammation, mineralization of enamel, bleaching, etc. Treatment paste may be prescribed only by a doctor is experiment with them yourself is not recommended;
  • the mouthwash – liquid media with high chemical activity, so that they are able to eliminate plaque and reduce inflammation;
  • floss – dental floss for cleaning the spaces between the teeth;
  • tape – dental tape, analogue dental floss. Recommended for people with increased gaps between the teeth;
  • interdental brushes are used to clean the space between teeth when there are three, are also well suited for cleaning braces.

How to choose toothpaste

When choosing a toothpaste need to pay to determine several factors:

  • age;
  • the General condition of the teeth;
  • the presence or absence of diseases of the oral cavity;
  • levels of water fluoride.

The recommended minimum content of fluoride in children's toothpaste is 500 ppm (parts per million – ppm, unit of measurement, similar to per cent) adults – 800 ppm.

However, excess fluoride can harm. Thus, residents of areas with increased fluoride content in water (1mg/l) often suffer from fluorosis – a dental disease, which manifests itself in the form of abrasion and thinning of the enamel and the appearance of dark spots on it.

People who live in such places, it is necessary to use toothpaste with a high content of calcium and phosphorus – these substances reduce the activity of fluorine ions.


A mandatory component of toothpaste is abrasivesubstances that remove plaque from the enamel surface and polishing it. Mainly as an abrasive used silicon compounds, but common and abrasives on the basis of calcium.

As abrasives have a significant mechanical effect on the tooth surface, people with thin, damaged enamel (and children) it is better to use pastes with a low content of abrasive substances.

How to choose a toothbrush

Tooth brush allows the mechanical cleaning of the teeth. Modern toothbrushes vary in the degree of rigidity of the bristles, from very mild to very severe. Soft and very soft toothbrush used in the depletion of the enamel, as well as inflammation and increased bleeding of the gums. In the absence of serious diseases, the best option is considered medium toothbrushes – they remove plaque and not damage the gum tissue.

Dentists recommend choose toothbrushes with alternating soft and hard bristles (hard bristles thus made shorter, so as not to injure the gums).

Also matter the length and location of the bristles. The most effective is recognized as a brush with bristles, elongated at the edges and shorter in the middle – this form allows you to cover a large surface. Well established and brushes with projecting front end of the narrow beam long bristles – it helps to effectively clear the space between the teeth.

The average optimal size of the working surface of the toothbrush for an adult is 2.5-3.5 cm long and 0.7-1 cm wide.

The choice of conditioner

Rinse is a simple and effective tool to maintain the cleanliness and health of the oral cavity. It is a good addition to the standard cleaning paste and brush. However, the mouthwash is more narrowly focused funds, so when choosing them you need to pay attention to their composition and action:

  • rinses for caries prophylaxis containing fluoride. It is recommended to use people who live in areas with insufficient fluoride the water. It is best to combine such chemicals with pasta high in calcium;
  • a special mouthwash to treat inflammation of the gums contain antibacterial substances such as chlorhexidine or alcohol. They are able to reduce the amount of bacteria in your mouth by 75%, but do not abuse them – there is a risk to violate the natural microflora of the oral cavity. It is recommended that use of such remedies no longer than two weeks;
  • rinses for the prevention of inflammation of the gums are made based on natural herbal extracts – nettle, chamomile, oak bark and others. These tools are not as good as alcohol and chlorhexidine, however, they do not violate the natural microflora and do not dry the mucous membrane. Apply the mouthwash on a plant basis is possible as long as you want;
  • mouthwash to freshen the mouth are composed of zinc, which eliminates unpleasant odors.

The choice of dental floss

With the choice of dental floss. For standard the teeth best suited flat filament, to clean three – round. It is better to choose waxed floss – it is better to pass the interdental spaces. From materials it is better to prefer artificial – nylon, nylon, etc.

Methods of cleaning teeth

It is important not only to choose the right toothpaste and brush, but also to choose an efficient algorithm and the sequence of brushing teeth.

  1. The standard cleaning methodis recognized as the most effective is the sequential cleaning of the upper and lower jaws, starting with the molars, short movements from gums to the cutting or chewing of the crown. The chewing surfaces of molars are cleaned in the same motion, directed towards the front of the tooth. It is recommended to start cleaning from the upper jaw, then go to the bottom. The direction should be from right to left.
  2. The method of Fones teeth when closed the jaws are cleaned in a circular motion. The same movements in the vertical position of brush cleaned chewing surfaces. This method allows simultaneously with the cleaning massaging the gums and is recommended for inflammation and other diseases.
  3. The method of Charter – toothbrush set at an angle of 45 degrees to the edge of the gums, then made a circular motion. The bristles are not separated from the surface of the teeth. This method helps to efficiently clean interdental spaces. It is also useful as massage the gums and helps to prevent relapses after treatment of periodontitis and gingivitis.

It is not recommended to exercise when brushing motion back and forth: they not only remove plaque, but also erases tooth enamel.

How often, when and how long to brush your teeth

the choice of brush

We recommend that you thoroughly brush your teeth twice a day – morning and evening for 2-3 minutes. To do it more than three minutes is not recommended, so as not to scratch the enamel. If it is not possible to brush your teeth twice a day, better to do it in the evening before bedtime since bacteria actively multiply during the night.


The oral hygiene is a very important part of hygiene of the person. Correctly selected tools and resources will help to maintain your teeth and gums healthy.