Teeth cleaning – a very important hygienic procedure. The benefits of good hygiene of teeth and mouth is not just a rule that everyone knows from childhood. Proper teeth brushing is the key to a healthy microflora and a normal metabolism in the oral cavity.
The oral cavity has the ability to cleanse itself (unlike, for example, ears), so her hygiene completely depends on the person. However, for the oral cavity cleanliness is especially important.
First, the minerals that comprise tooth enamel, highly sensitive to acidand every meal increases the acidity level in your mouth. Partially neutralizes the saliva has alkaline properties. However, this is not always enough, especially in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, which increases the acidity of the saliva or reduced saliva. In this situation hygiene procedures help to restore an acceptable level of acidity in your mouth.
Secondly, on the teeth periodically formed plaquecomposed of food particles. mixed with dead skin cells of the gums. This plaque is a suitable environment for bacteria. Brushing helps to remove it, thus preventing the infection and inflammation of the teeth and surrounding soft tissues.
Neglecting oral hygiene is threatened primarily by destruction of the enamel due to excessive exposure to the acids and various inflammatory conditions (gingivitis, periodontitis) due to uncontrolled reproduction of bacteria. In the end it leads to destruction of dental crowns tooth decay and the loosening and loss of teeth due to inflammation and weakening of the gums.
Means to care for the oral cavity is not limited to the paste and brush. Moreover – brush and paste, too, are different and suitable for different situations.
Modern set of tools for oral hygiene the mouth is wide enough:
When choosing a toothpaste need to pay to determine several factors:
The recommended minimum content of fluoride in children's toothpaste is 500 ppm (parts per million – ppm, unit of measurement, similar to per cent) adults – 800 ppm.
However, excess fluoride can harm. Thus, residents of areas with increased fluoride content in water (1mg/l) often suffer from fluorosis – a dental disease, which manifests itself in the form of abrasion and thinning of the enamel and the appearance of dark spots on it.
People who live in such places, it is necessary to use toothpaste with a high content of calcium and phosphorus – these substances reduce the activity of fluorine ions.
A mandatory component of toothpaste is abrasivesubstances that remove plaque from the enamel surface and polishing it. Mainly as an abrasive used silicon compounds, but common and abrasives on the basis of calcium.
As abrasives have a significant mechanical effect on the tooth surface, people with thin, damaged enamel (and children) it is better to use pastes with a low content of abrasive substances.
Tooth brush allows the mechanical cleaning of the teeth. Modern toothbrushes vary in the degree of rigidity of the bristles, from very mild to very severe. Soft and very soft toothbrush used in the depletion of the enamel, as well as inflammation and increased bleeding of the gums. In the absence of serious diseases, the best option is considered medium toothbrushes – they remove plaque and not damage the gum tissue.
Dentists recommend choose toothbrushes with alternating soft and hard bristles (hard bristles thus made shorter, so as not to injure the gums).
Also matter the length and location of the bristles. The most effective is recognized as a brush with bristles, elongated at the edges and shorter in the middle – this form allows you to cover a large surface. Well established and brushes with projecting front end of the narrow beam long bristles – it helps to effectively clear the space between the teeth.
The average optimal size of the working surface of the toothbrush for an adult is 2.5-3.5 cm long and 0.7-1 cm wide.
Rinse is a simple and effective tool to maintain the cleanliness and health of the oral cavity. It is a good addition to the standard cleaning paste and brush. However, the mouthwash is more narrowly focused funds, so when choosing them you need to pay attention to their composition and action:
With the choice of dental floss. For standard the teeth best suited flat filament, to clean three – round. It is better to choose waxed floss – it is better to pass the interdental spaces. From materials it is better to prefer artificial – nylon, nylon, etc.
It is important not only to choose the right toothpaste and brush, but also to choose an efficient algorithm and the sequence of brushing teeth.
It is not recommended to exercise when brushing motion back and forth: they not only remove plaque, but also erases tooth enamel.
We recommend that you thoroughly brush your teeth twice a day – morning and evening for 2-3 minutes. To do it more than three minutes is not recommended, so as not to scratch the enamel. If it is not possible to brush your teeth twice a day, better to do it in the evening before bedtime since bacteria actively multiply during the night.
The oral hygiene is a very important part of hygiene of the person. Correctly selected tools and resources will help to maintain your teeth and gums healthy.