Teeth whitening: the main types of procedures

Even regular and proper care of your mouth does not guarantee full get rid of yellow plaque. However, dentists today can offer several treatments that will bring back the original whiteness of your smile. It is only necessary to hold a teeth whitening method that will give the desired result in your case.

teeth whitening

Teeth whitening: treatments

In dental clinics offer to quickly regain your teeth's natural whiteness. And if a couple of decades ago there was only one rather unpleasant method of mechanical cleaning, it is today in this respect, medicine has stepped far forward. Although the mechanical bleaching is still practiced, he came to the aid of more sophisticated methods of ultrasonic cleaning, and laser whitening procedure the air-flow.

Laser whitening

During the procedure, laser whitening teeth is applied to a special reagent, which affects the very structure of the tooth. To accelerate the mass goes spot laser which sequentially processes the whole surface of the tooth. Laser whitening usually lasts for about 20 minutes, after which the enamel is much lighter.

Lighting is not by removing plaque, which made the color of the enamel is yellow, but because of the deep penetration of the gel into the tooth structure, so this technique can achieve much better results than other similar treatments. Laser whitening is painless and has virtually no contraindications, but it is not carried out:

  • Persons under 16 years;
  • Pregnant women and during lactation;
  • In the case of very transparent enamel. When the teeth themselves are on the edge clear and white, laser whitening will lead to a gray color.

Mechanical bleaching

Mechanical whitening can be called the old-fashioned way that allows you to return teeth to natural white. With such a method began bleaching procedure in dental clinics. Today it is also used quite often, but more and more gives way to progressive methods.

Mechanical whitening is not quite the correct term, as this is the usual hygienic professional teeth cleaning with ultrasound. From the teeth removes the Tartar and plaque that causes the enamel to lighten a couple of shades. The procedure may cause slight discomfort, but its cost is much lower than other whitening methods. A special machine directs the enamel onslaught from the air and baking soda, as an abrasive substance. Also, the process uses water for cooling and reduce sensitivity.

The pressure of the abrasive particles removes most of the plaque, even from interdental spaces, so the tooth is illuminated fully and evenly.

Ultrasonic whitening

Whitening ultrasound is a type of mechanical bleach, but using more modern methods. The ultrasound creates a vibration, which a special apparatus is directed to the teeth, breaking up plaque. However, the bleaching process does not end there. It is further polishing of the enamel and applying special fluorine-contain a compound that will strengthen enamel, reduce sensitivity and overall have a beneficial effect on dental health.

Ultrasonic whitening is the most gentle way to lighten teeth a few shades. The procedure lasts about an hour. However, this method is not applicable as a separate procedure, it is in addition to the treatments or used after mechanical or chemical cleaning to improve the result. Carried out ultrasonic whitening once in six months. The only significant contraindication is cancer.

varieties of bleaching

Air-flow

Procedure Air flow also has a sort of mechanical bleaching, only instead of soda used by other components, so the second name of the procedure – blasting bleaching. It is often used not only for bleaching but also for polishing in the end of the procedure, so the result of bleaching only in this way usually brings a less conspicuous effect.

In Air flow there are a number of contraindications, so before applying you should consult with a specialist.

In particular, air flow not recommended for:

  • Any acute diseases of the oral cavity. It is necessary to pre-treat teeth;
  • Epilepsy;
  • Asthma;
  • Diabetes;
  • Infectious diseases of the body;
  • Cold.

Teeth whitening at home

Become the owner of a white smile everyone wants, but not everyone there is a desire and opportunity to go to a dental clinic. Despite the fact that the dentist can achieve good results within a short time, many working people can't afford to make time for a trip to the dentist.

In such cases it is possible to use improvised means to whiten your teeth at home and do it myself at home. Of course, in most cases, the same effect as the chemical or mechanical whitening can not be achieved, but of course with the help of certain tools, you can lighten the enamel a couple of shades.

Toothpastes

In the composition of the whitening toothpastes contain abrasive particles that knock down plaque from the enamel. To determine the "power" of the paste can according to the index of bleaching – RDA. Most powerful tools have an index greater than 120, however, their use adversely affects the condition of the teeth: increases the sensitivity, enamel is erased. The constant use of a strong whitening toothpastes can lead to serious illness and even the installation of dentures.

Use whitening toothpaste with an index greater than 120 is recommended not more often than 2 times a week. For everyday use fit more gentle products with RDA 70-80. They are not as effective, however, after some time will bring good result and the teeth will brighten a few shades.

When choosing whitening toothpaste, you must know the condition of the teeth, as some manufacturers offer several variants of such funds, including for sensitive teeth. The ideal solution would be to use a few healing pastes throughout the week.

Hydrogen peroxide

The use of hydrogen peroxide for teeth whitening is one of radical ways. However, it is the most dangerous, because excessive passion in this way can lead not just to a thinning of enamel and to its complete elution. For home use, it is recommended to take 3% solution of peroxide hydrogen. A more concentrated substance may cause burns to mucous membranes and poisoning.

For whitening you can use in different ways:

toothpastes
  • With a cotton swab. First, rinse the mouth with hydrogen peroxide, then apply on a cotton swab and carefully wipe each tooth. In the end it is necessary to rinse your mouth, but only plain water.
  • Toothbrush. Soaked in hydrogen peroxide toothbrush handles dentition, penetrating into the interdental spaces that cannot handle a cotton swab.
  • Soda mixture. Hydrogen peroxide you can add the baking soda (a teaspoon a few drops to moisturize abrasive substance). Then the mixture with a brush is applied to teeth brush them for about 3 minutes. This method is the fastest because you can see the effect immediately after the first application. But in other cases you will have to wait 1-2 weeks because the hydrogen peroxide comparable to the whitening chemical, it affects the structure, without removing itself yellow.

Strips

Teeth whitener in recent years have become especially popular, as they provide a fairly rapid effect as it is comparable to the whitening in the office. Strips are a form of chemical bleaching at home. The plate is coated with a special composition, which affects the structure of teeth.

There are several varieties of whitening strips. The main difference is the bleaching course: from 2 hours to several weeks with daily use. In most cases the strips are designed for healthy teeth are normally sensitive, but recently appeared, and more gentle means which can apply people with hypersensitivity.

Plate with bleachers attached directly to both rows of teeth. In this state, need to spend a certain amount of time. Manufacturers claim that with the strips on the teeth can even talk, but it's a bit awkward. Immediately after removing the strips you need to brush your teeth to completely remove the gel. Some types of stripes designed for night use.

Gels

Whitening gels safe for the body, although their composition is hydrogen peroxide, so the teeth need to smear them twice a day, but do not need to rinse the composition. During the day he blurred himself under the influence of food, water and saliva. However, in such use it is impossible to expect a good result, so many people use a mouth guard.

Mouth guard for teeth is made on an individual picture, so that's a pretty big investment in bleaching. The cap is worn on the upper and lower dentition. Before to do this, you need to apply to the inner side of the corresponding gel. Fixed cap is typically used for bite correction, whitening gel however inside performs along with the task lighting of the dentition.

It's a pretty handy tool, as the gel in Cape may uniformly arranged around the teeth, and the constant collision does not allow the tool to dry.

A negative effect on the enamel during bleaching

All procedures for teeth whitening in the dental office and at home, a bad influence on the condition of the tooth enamel. Despite the fact that in the clinics after the procedure, the teeth are applied with a special regenerative structure, and modern methods try to minimize the damage, the enamel is still not tolerate bleaching.

Mechanical whitening use abrasive particles that scratch the enamel. However, chemical bleaching thins the enamel, as used in aggressive funds, which operate under the influence of oxygen and oxidation.

Most of the procedures for lightening the tooth enamel because of the aggressive impact, it is recommended to apply not more often than small courses once a year. In order to ensure maximum safety, it is recommended to consult a doctor and to whiten teeth only in dental clinics.

Why teeth are not white?

Sometimes the teeth whitening procedure does not bring the desired result. This may be due to the natural color of teeth and bones. Teeth are not naturally white, and to achieve this despite the fact that native color in person is slightly yellowish is impossible if you use the standard methods.

whitening

However, dentists still have found a way out for such situations. This veneers is a thin non-removable dentures with a special composition adheres to the tooth surface, simultaneously changing its shape (if necessary) and makes a few shades lighter. This method is used by Hollywood stars. It is much more expensive than conventional bleaching, but the result you can see immediately, and it is superior to the one that can offer chemical and mechanical cleaning.

28.11.2018